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Samudra Manthan- das Quirlen des Milchozeans – Schöpfungsmythos im Hinduismus



Samudra Manthan


Wichtigste Mythologische Geschichte des Hinduismus!

Die Geschichte vom Quirlen des Milchozeans, im Sanskrit “Samudra Mathan” ist eine der alten Mythen der Inder, die letztlich vor der uns bekannten Entstehung der Welt spielt.  Es ist eine Geschichte von Göttern und Dämonen die gegeneinander kämpfen, so wie es im Hinduismus oft um das Spiel von Gut und Böse geht.

Solche Mythologischen Geschichten helfen bestimmte Aspekte des Seins zu verinnerlichen und die Phantasie anzuregen. Nüchtern gesagt hat sich die Welt aus dem Klang heraus manifestiert und verfeinert. Die Inder glauben an eine Evolution in spiralförmigen Zyklen, in denen die verschiedenen Zeitalter sich zwischen kosmischen Tagen und Nächten abwechseln. Basierend auf diese Geschichte bauen sich viele weitere Mythen des Sanathana Dharma (=Hinduismus) auf.

Die klaren Philosophischen Weisheiten die wir heute als Yogaphilosophie ergoogeln können, waren traditionell nicht so einfach zugänglich, für das einfache Volk waren eher solche bunten Geschichten Inhalt der Religiösität. In der Geschichte vom Quirlen des Milchozeans tauchen viele wichtige Aspekte der Mythologie auf, und es lassen sich tiefe spirituelle Weisheiten davon ableiten. Es finden sich mehrere Quellen für das Samudra Manthan, so zB. in der Mahabharata und dem Ramayana Epos und auch einigen der Puranas. Einige Historische Orte in Indien zeugen von dieser Geschichte, so zB der Nilakantha Tempel bei Rishikesh.

Vielleicht ist es hilfreich diesen Artikel über die verschiedenen Aspekte des einen Gott zu lesen, oder auch den Vortrag zu hören über Gott und das Göttliche in vielen Formen.

Quirlen des Milchozeans Schöpfungsmythos des Hinduismus:

Aus dem Mythos vom Quirlen des Milchozeans sind viele weitere wichtige Mythen entstanden.

So beispielsweise:

  • Kamadhenu- die wunscherfüllende Milchkuh, taucht auch in der Geschichte des Gayatri auf.
  • Nilakantha- eine der wichtigsten Formen Shivas
  • Kumbha Mela- das größte Fest der Erde
  • Dhanvantari- Ursprung der Lehre des Ayurveda
  • Lakshmi- Göttin des Wohlstandes und des Reichtums
  • Rahu- die Legende von Sonne und Mond Finsternissen
  • Kurma- die 2. Inkarnation Vishnus

Im 32. Vers der Hatha Yoga Pradipika heißt es übrigens:

„Mayurasana verdaut mit Leichtigkeit unmäßig und durcheinander eingenommenes Essen und verwandelt sogar das schreckliche Gift Hala Hala zu Asche.“

Hier noch einige Bilder zur Geschichte

Vishnu ruht vor der nächsten Schöpfung

Quirlen des Ozeans aus Milch

Steintafel zu Nilakanthas Halahala Trunk

Der Nilakanth-Tempel mit Quirlgeschichte

Nilakantha trinkt Halahala

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  1. Peter Nowak

    Mit allem Respekt und ohne rechthaberisch sein zu wollen, muss ich doch darauf hinweisen, dass das Quirlen des Milchozeans keineswegs VOR “der uns bekannten Entstehung der Welt” stattfand. Das Ereignis fand vielmehr am Beginn des Dvapara Yuga als Folge der Flut am Ende des Treta Yuga statt, während der Vishnu in seiner Matsya-Gestalt den neuen (siebenten) Manu Vaivasvata rettete und danach in seiner Varaha-Gestalt die Erde aus den Fluten emporhob. Das hei8t, es fand zwischen den Ereignissen des Ramayana und dem Krieg des Mahabharata in Kurukshetra statt. Da die Flut der Puranas unter anderem nach Aitareya Brahmana VIII, 21 -23 offenbar mit der Flut des Gilgamesh-Epos identisch ist, kann sie datiert werden, denn Berossos und die Altbabylonische Königsliste geben deren Datum ziemlich übereinstimmend mit rund 33.000 v.Chr. an.

  2. Narada Marcel

    Lieber Peter, vielen Dank für deinen Hinweis. Es gibt verschiedene Quellen zu dieser mythologischen Geschichte und in diesen gibt es höchst unterschiedliche Varianten darüber wann und wie das ganze geschehen ist, daher lasse ich es mal so stehen.

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